We now live in the 21st century where humanoids operate to do the works assigned to human beings, and bullet trains travel at 600km/hr. From man’s first inventions in the Stone Age to the latest ones in the past years, there has been a journey that clearly draws a graph that progresses with a hike. The world has been built into one massive center of innovations with every drop of contribution provided by each generation. Of all the sectors that have been developed over the years, it is the construction industry that has gone through radical changes. A revolution in construction happened over the past forty years, and it has been the redefining age for the buildings. Here are some of those innovations that have contributed to the revolution in construction.
It was in the mid to late-19th century that the earth-moving equipment and various other similar apparatus became commonplace in the industry. All the pneumatic and hydraulic devices developed in those days aided in reducing the labor and time required to complete large scale projects. By the beginning of the 20th century, mechanization became more advanced with the features adding more capabilities and functionality to construction. This was also the era when the internal-combustion engines emerged into the construction industry, and several other devices such as the power tools, cherry pickers, cranes, and concrete mixers were also launched.
2. Computer-Aided Design
Some of the world’s most splendid structures were built in the Middle Ages, where the draughtsmen, architects, stonemasons, and builders created magic with the technology that was later considered to be ahead of time. Construction changed irrevocably in the late 20th century with the emergence of computer-aided design. Electrical conduits and high-voltage alternating current ducting were separate systems that manifested as an issue to the planning of structures. CAD has made all these challenges easier to tackle.
3. Building Information Management
Unlike CAD, BIM was a technology that opened up scope for versatility, allowing the engineers, contractors, architects, and subcontractors to collaborate for the construction of buildings. All aspects of a structure can be gathered to create a marvel with the efforts of the engineers who make the detailed 3D models by incorporating all the MEP and HVAC data. The contractors can do their work easily when they have BIM to support them throughout the process.
4. Off-Site Fabrication
One of the most challenging aspects of construction was the on-site assembly of components. It has now been changing with the prefabricated structures taking over all the space. The efficiency of the process has increased with the rise of off-site fabrication. Waste of materials can be reduced by employing this method, and the return on investment also increases. Productivity improves as prefabricated structures become the trend, and it helps in completing the project faster. When the components like compressors, instrument panels, heat exchangers, and pump units are fabricated in-shop, huge savings in schedule time can also be assured.